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# Give a definition for each of the following terms. Are there other terms that need to be defined first? What are they, and how might you define them? (i) parallel lines (ii) perpendicular lines (iii) line segment (iv) radius of a circle (v) square. Q.2

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Sir please help me to solve the ncert class 9th solution of chapter Introduction To Euclid’s Geometry .How I solve this question of exercise 5.1 question number 2. Find the simplest and easiest solution of this question. also find the best and easiest solution of this question. Give a definition for each of the following terms. Are there other terms that need to be defined first? What are they, and how might you define them? (i) parallel lines (ii) perpendicular lines (iii) line segment (iv) radius of a circle (v) square.

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1. Solution:

Yes, there are other terms which need to be defined first, they are:

Plane: Flat surfaces in which geometric figures can be drawn are known are plane. A plane surface is a surface which lies evenly with the straight lines on itself.

Point:Â A dimensionless dot which is drawn on a plane surface is known as point. A point is that which has no part.

Line: A collection of points that has only length and no breadth is known as a line. And it can be extended on both directions. A line is breadth-less length.

(i) Parallel lines â€“ Parallel lines are those lines which never intersect each other and are always at a constant distance perpendicular to each other. Parallel lines can be two or more lines.

(ii) Perpendicular lines â€“ Perpendicular lines are those lines which intersect each other in a plane at right angles then the lines are said to be perpendicular to each other.

(iii) Line Segment â€“ When a line cannot be extended any further because of its two end points then the line is known as a line segment. A line segment has 2 end points.

(iv) Radius of circle â€“ A radius of a circle is the line from any point on the circumference of the circle to the center of the circle.

(v) Square â€“ A quadrilateral in which all the four sides are said to be equal and each of its internal angle is right angles is called square.

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