What is the best method to solve the problem of Exercise 6.3 of triangles, how to solve this problem in easy way Sides AB and AC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to sides PQ and PR and median PM of another triangle PQR. Show that ΔABC ~ ΔPQR.

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# Sides AB and AC and median AD of a triangle ABC are respectively proportional to sides PQ and PR and median PM of another triangle PQR. Show that ΔABC ~ ΔPQR. Q.14

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Given: Two triangles ΔABC and ΔPQR in which AD and PM are medians such that;

AB/PQ = AC/PR = AD/PM

We have to prove, ΔABC ~ ΔPQR

Let us construct first: Produce AD to E so that AD = DE. Join CE, Similarly produce PM to N such that PM = MN, also Join RN.

In ΔABD and ΔCDE, we have

AD = DE [By Construction.]

BD = DC [Since, AP is the median]

and, ∠ADB = ∠CDE [Vertically opposite angles]

∴ ΔABD ≅ ΔCDE [SAS criterion of congruence]

⇒ AB = CE [By CPCT] …………………………..

(i)Also, in ΔPQM and ΔMNR,

PM = MN [By Construction.]

QM = MR [Since, PM is the median]

and, ∠PMQ = ∠NMR [Vertically opposite angles]

∴ ΔPQM = ΔMNR [SAS criterion of congruence]

⇒ PQ = RN [CPCT] ………………………………

(ii)Now, AB/PQ = AC/PR = AD/PM

From equation

(i)and(ii),⇒CE/RN = AC/PR = AD/PM

⇒ CE/RN = AC/PR = 2AD/2PM

⇒ CE/RN = AC/PR = AE/PN [Since 2AD = AE and 2PM = PN]

∴ ΔACE ~ ΔPRN [SSS similarity criterion]

Therefore, ∠2 = ∠4

Similarly, ∠1 = ∠3

∴ ∠1 + ∠2 = ∠3 + ∠4

⇒ ∠A = ∠P …………………………………………….

(iii)Now, in ΔABC and ΔPQR, we have

AB/PQ = AC/PR (Already given)

From equation (iii),

∠A = ∠P

∴ ΔABC ~ ΔPQR [ SAS similarity criterion]