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# D, E and F are respectively the mid-points of sides AB, BC and CA of ΔABC. Find the ratio of the area of ΔDEF and ΔABC. Q.5

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What is the best way to solve the problem of exercise 6.4 of class 10th, this is very important question for class 10th D, E and F are respectively the mid-points of sides AB, BC and CA of ΔABC. Find the ratio of the area of ΔDEF and ΔABC.

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1. Given, D, E and F are respectively the mid-points of sides AB, BC and CA of ΔABC.

In ΔABC,

F is the mid-point of AB (Already given)

E is the mid-point of AC (Already given)

So, by the mid-point theorem, we have,

FE || BC and FE = 1/2BC

⇒ FE || BC and FE || BD [BD = 1/2BC]

Since, opposite sides of parallelogram are equal and parallel

∴ BDEF is parallelogram.

Similarly, in ΔFBD and ΔDEF, we have

FB = DE (Opposite sides of parallelogram BDEF)

FD = FD (Common sides)

BD = FE (Opposite sides of parallelogram BDEF)

∴ ΔFBD ≅ ΔDEF

Similarly, we can prove that

ΔAFE ≅ ΔDEF

ΔEDC ≅ ΔDEF

As we know, if triangles are congruent, then they are equal in area.

So,

Area(ΔFBD) = Area(ΔDEF) ……………………………(i)

Area(ΔAFE) = Area(ΔDEF) ……………………………….(ii)

and,

Area(ΔEDC) = Area(ΔDEF) ………………………….(iii)

Now,

Area(ΔABC) = Area(ΔFBD) + Area(ΔDEF) + Area(ΔAFE) + Area(ΔEDC) ………(iv)

Area(ΔABC) = Area(ΔDEF) + Area(ΔDEF) + Area(ΔDEF) + Area(ΔDEF)

From equation (i)(ii) and (iii),

⇒ Area(ΔDEF) = (1/4)Area(ΔABC)

⇒ Area(ΔDEF)/Area(ΔABC) = 1/4

Hence, Area(ΔDEF): Area(ΔABC) = 1:4

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