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Show that √2/3 is irrational.

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An important and exam oriented question from real numbers chapter in which we have given a number √2/3 and we have to show that the given number is an irrational number

Kindly give me a detailed solution of this question

RS Aggarwal, Class 10, chapter 1E, question no 21


1 Answer

  1. Let us assume that 3 is a rational number which can be expressed in the form of p/q, where p and q are integers, q≠0 and p and q are co prime that is HCF(p,q)=1.

    We have,

    ⇒√3q=p......(1)3=(squaring both sides)
     is divisible by 3
    p is divisible by 3......(2)

    Therefore, for an integer r,

    ⇒√3q=3r (from(1))
    3=9(squaring both sides)
     is divisible by 3

    q is divisible by 3......(3)

    From equations 2 and 3, we get that 3 is the common factor of p and q which contradicts that p and q are co prime. This means that our assumption was wrong.

    Thus √3 is an irrational number.

    Now, since multiplication of a rational number with an irrational number is an irrational number.

    Hence √2/3 is an irrational number.

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