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A rocket is in the form of a circular cylinder closed at the lower end with a cone of the same radius attached to the top. The cylinder is of radius 2.5 m and height 21 m and the cone has the slant height 8 m. Calculate the total surface area and the volume of the rocket.

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In this question we have to find the the total surface area
and the volume of the rocket given that a rocket is in the form
of a circular cylinder closed at the lower end with a
cone of the same radius attached to the top. The cylinder
is of radius 2.5 m andheight 21 m and the cone has the slant height 8 m.

This question is from r d sharma class 10 maths.
I found this question while doing maths class 10.
I need help in getting the solution.

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1 Answer

  1. Given,

    Radius of the cylindrical portion of the rocket (R) = 2.5 m

    Height of the cylindrical portion of the rocket (H) = 21 m

    Slant Height of the Conical surface of the rocket (L) = 8 m

    Curved Surface Area of the Cone (S1) = πRL = π(2.5)(8)= 20π

    And,

    Curved Surface Area of the Cone (S2) = 2πRH + πR2

    S2 = (2π × 2.5 × 21) + π (2.5)2

    S2 = (π × 105) + (π × 6.25)

    Thus, the total curved surface area S is

    S = S1 + S2

    S = (π20) + (π105) + (π6.25)

    S = (22/7)(20 + 105 + 6.25) = 22/7 x 131.25

    S = 412.5 m2

    Therefore, the total Surface Area of the Conical Surface = 412.5 m2

    Now, calculating the volume of the rocket

    Volume of the conical part of the rocket (V1) = 1/3 × 22/7 × R2 × h

    V1 = 1/3 × 22/7 × (2.5)2 × h

    Let, h be the height of the conical portion in the rocket.

    We know that,

    L2 = R2 + h2

    h2 = L2 – R2 = 82 – 2.52

    h = 7.6 m

    Using the value of h, we will get

    Volume of the conical part (V1) = 1/3 × 22/7 × 2.52 × 7.6 m2 = 49.67 m2

    Next,

    Volume of the Cylindrical Portion (V2) = πR2h

    V2 = 22/7 × 2.52 × 21 = 412.5 m2

    Thus, the total volume of the rocket = V1 + V2

    V = 412.5 + 49.67 = 462.17 m2

    Hence, the total volume of the Rocket is 462.17 m2

     

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